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Germany tries to promote renewable energy, decrease Russian imports

Germany tries to promote renewable energy, decrease Russian imports

With a goal of producing practically all of its electricity from renewable sources such as wind and solar by 2035, Europe’s largest economy will have more than doubled its present rate of electricity generation over the course of 13 years.

Earlier this week, the German government announced a large package of measures to increase the generation of renewable energy, achieve its climate goals, and become independent of energy imports from hostile countries such as Russia and the United States.

German President Angela Merkel has approved a 600-page “Easter package” that lays out ambitious goals for the expansion of offshore power and declares that the installation of renewable energy is of “overriding public interest.” The latter is a trump card intended to cut through Germany’s often-lengthy bureaucratic processes.

With a goal of producing practically all of its electricity from renewable sources such as wind and solar by 2035, Europe’s largest economy will have more than doubled its present rate of electricity generation over the course of 13 years. However, because of complicated laws and changes in feed-in subsidies, the roll-out has slowed significantly in recent years.

Economic and Energy Minister Robert Habeck spoke to media in Berlin, saying that the “package” will result in a “substantial rise” in renewable energy.

With no new offshore wind capacity scheduled for construction in 2021, the newly elected center-left administration, which took office in December, has stated that Germany will boost installed capacity from under 8 Gigawatts today to 30 Gigawatts by 2030 and 40 Gigawatts by 2035. It is hoped that by 2045, when Germany hopes to attain “net zero” greenhouse gas emissions, it will have installed 70 GW of offshore wind power.

The government has also set a goal of more than tripling onshore wind capacity to 115GW by 2030, which will be accomplished in part by lowering the minimum distance between radio beacons and weather radars, among other measures. The objective for solar is even more ambitious: by the end of the following decade, the present capacity will have nearly quadrupled, reaching 215GW.

The German environment minister, Habeck, acknowledged the complexity of the undertaking and predicted that, as a result of past mistakes, Germany will likely miss its short-term targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

To put it another way, “it’s the premise for everything,” he added of the new measures, rather than the solution for everything. Additional measures will be agreed upon in the coming months, and many of them will need to be authorized by parliament before they can be implemented.

Moreover, the conflict in Ukraine would have an impact on plans, with Germany likely needing to rely more on domestic coal to fill the short-term gap created by a reduction in Russian energy imports, according to Habeck.

The government has managed to reduce its purchases of Russian coal, oil, and gas by a significant amount in recent months, and it hopes to stop importing oil and coal from Russia this year, and gas by the middle of 2024, according to the minister.

“You can see how quickly we are transitioning away from reliance on Russian energy,” he continued.

Although Germany’s influential business lobby organization, the BDI, applauded the new measures, it cautioned that meeting the targets would be difficult.

It was stated that in addition to renewables, Germany will need to increase its usage of hydrogen and biomass energy in order to ensure a reliable electricity supply during periods when little wind or solar energy can be created.

As Habeck presented the new energy package to journalists, roughly a dozen environmental activists flocked to a nearby bridge that connects the German parliament and the chancellery to protest.

In a statement released by Scientist Rebellion, protester Cornelia Huth, a biologist and member of the group Scientist Rebellion, stated that Germany’s targets are insufficient to meet the goals of the 2015 Paris climate agreement and should be increased even further given the country’s high historical emissions.

As part of her call, Huth urged the government to embrace a variety of “no-brainer” policies, including a rule against food waste and a universal speed restriction for all vehicles.

This week, Germany’s transport minister denied the idea of even a temporary speed limit of 130 kilometers per hour (81 miles per hour) on the Autobahn, claiming that the country does not have enough speed limits signs.

Austria, which borders Germany, announced subsidies of approximately 300 million euros ($327 million) on Wednesday to encourage the construction of further renewable energy installations.

Despite the fact that the Alpine nation is even more reliant on Russian gas than Germany, Environment Minister Leonore Gewessler has stated that every wind turbine or solar power installation “liberates us from Vladimir Putin’s clutches.”

Source: Hindustan Times

Written by morningnewshindi

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